Queen Charlotte Amalie and Elsgen
Queen Charlotte Amalie, the wife of Christian V, painted by Jacob d’Agar around 1690. The small person to the left of the queen is her court dwarf Elsgen. At the time it was customary in the courts of Europe to keep dwarfs. They were a permanent feature of court life and have been portrayed on several occasions.
Christian V with His Half-Brother, c. 1671
Christian V in conversation with his elder half-brother Ulrik Frederik Gyldenløve, and with Count Anthon Aldenburg (1633-1680). Grisaille by Anton Steenwinkel. The Gyldenløve family, the king’s ‘natural’, which is to say illegitimate children, played an important role in the political machinations of 17th century Denmark. As children of the king, they had high status in the class-divided society. At the same time, however, they were excluded from line of succession, and thus had no dynastic ambitions, making them extremely loyal to the reigning king. Ulrik Frederik Gyldenløve was the issue of a relationship Frederik (III) had with Margrethe Pape, before he married Sophie Amalie in 1643.