Charlotte Amalie became the Queen of Denmark in 1670. She was the daughter of Landgrave William VI of Hesse-Kassel. In 1667 she was married to Christian (V); as well as other children they had the son Frederik (IV) and the daughter Sophie Hedevig.
Charlotte Amalie was raised in the Reformed faith, which she stayed loyal to after her marriage to Christian. She was a popular Queen, and her popularity increased in 1700, when she took part in organising the defence of Copenhagen after King Charles XII of Sweden invaded Zealand.
Charlotte Amalie owned several estates around the country and she administered them skilfully. After the death of Christian V in 1699, she moved to a mansion which she had bought: Charlottenborg on Kongens Nytorv in Copenhagen, where she lived from 1700 until she passed away. The mansion, which is named after her, has housed the Royal Danish Academy of Art since 1754.